The following provides a (growing) list of links of the “getting started” variety. Most of which are pretty simple and and can be summarized by: Eat food that we are genetically well-adapted to eat. Mostly animals and plants, and the rest will take care of itself.
Panu: Get Started - Dr. Kurt Harris. "PaNu - A pastoral diet that can improve your health by emulating the evolutionary metabolic milieu." Harris provides a 12-step approach.
Robb Wolf: FAQ and Get Started Guide - Robb Wolf
Free The Animal: Overview - Richard Nikoley
The Whole 9: The Whole 30 - Dallas and Melissa
Hunter.Gather.Love: Start Here Post - Melissa McEwen
The Weston A. Price Foundation: Principles of Healthy Diets - Sally Fallon and Mary Enig
Gnolls.org: Paleo in Six Easy Steps: Paleo diet “Eat like a predator, not like prey” sums this one up.
Gary Taubes: Good Calories, Bad Calories and the 11 Critical Conclusions - Gary Taubes laid out his conclusions after researching and writing the book, which told us to eat meat, fish, fowl, eggs, cheese, and butter (foods that don’t significantly affect insulin levels) and to avoid the foods that stimulate excessive insulin secretion like bread, pasta, potatoes, sugar, refined carbohydrates, cereal grains, and sugar-sweetened beverages, to name a few.
Atkins.com: Atkins Diet Program Overview - There have been few changes from the overall approach of the Atkins diet today and the Vogue Super Diet of 1970: Eat until satisfied of the “Good Calories” that Taubes included above and avoid the bad ones that also make the GCBC list.
Mark’s Daily Apple: Primal Blueprint 101 - Mark Sisson
Primal Wisdom: Primal Diet Guide - Don Matesz